city of toronto tree planting standards

bare root planting shall be acceptable for certain species during … If you require alternate formats or need assistance understanding our maps, drawings, or any other content, please contact us at streetscapemanual@toronto.ca. These contributions include the over-all ameliorating effect of trees on their environment, as well as their recreational and general amenity value.” [2] [3]. This is because the City is in the process of developing these as standards. Large tree: 30 m3 (1,059 ft3), if single, or 15 m3 (530 ft 3) if shared If your tree is smaller than the specified DBH, you might be exempt from obtaining a permit to remove a tree. A historic tree in the middle of the city needs help. This challenge sometimes leads designers, developers, or planners to simply ignore the soil needs of the trees and plant them in small openings that ensure a short lifespan. Medium tree: 18 m3 (dedicated or shared) Cook in “Report of the general superintendent of parks. 30m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree, or 15 m3 (530 ft3) if in a shared planting trench CITY OF BRAMPTON LANDSCAPE SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02906- 2 PLANTING OF TREES, SHRUBS, GROUNDCOVERS & TRANSPLANTING 1.6 Reference Standards.1 Trees, shrubs and ground covers are to be supplied and installed in accordance with the Metric Guide Specification for Nursery Stock Current Edition of the Canadian Nursery Trades Association except But you are still generally responsible for your trees and any damage they cause. Official Document: Downtown Guelph Streetscape Manual, Built Form Standards and St. George’s Square Concept, Kitchener Engineering Standard Specifications, included those for roads and right-of-ways, can be found here. That is the standard used by all cities in the Greater Toronto Area. Until this is available, general specification 32 88 88 Soil Cells can be used to help identify performance criteria that should be incorporated when choosing a soil cell product for installation in the right-of-way. all plant material shall conform to the standards of the canadian nursery trades association for size and species. Notes: Minimum soil volume for tree planting in a parking lot island is 15 m3 (530 cubic feet). Aug 12, 2020. In the interim, please contact the City Planner assigned to your development application for additional information. Standard Drawing 2111010. It’s better to be safe than sorry. Additional information about the standard in this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar. In-Ground Planting—Continuous Soil Trench with In-Ground Tree Planting and Concrete Sidewalk: Tree Planting Specifications NOTE: Adapted from City of Toronto Urban Forestry Streetscape Manual (July 2007); Streetscape Planting Details proposed on the following pages are beyond the Region of York’s current standards. Cook writes “urban forestry, an art requiring special knowledge, cultivated taste, and a natural sympathy for plant life… Good taste demands the observance of two rules as essential in street tree planting. The Toronto Official Plan, Toronto Green Standard and Parks, Forestry & Recreation’s Strategic Plan: Our Common Grounds, each identify the need to protect and expand the city’s urban forest with the goal of increasing the tree canopy coverage to between 30% and 40%—the recommended threshold to sustain a healthy urban forest. For Capital Projects, please contact the Engineering and Construction Services’ Project Manager. A property owner can submit a tree planting request for the City-owned road allowance in front of their home or business. Grow a decent tree. He coined the term in order to name the program for a graduate student who was studying aspects of trees in the City of Toronto. Each series is organised by three (3) different tree planting area conditions: Each tree planting area condition is described by various drawings including: a key plan, an assembly plan, a soil cell layout plan, and various sections. York Region (currently in trial period) Minimum of 30m3 per tree The Champion of Trees Award: City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada The Champion of Trees Award recognizes a government entity, community-based organization, or partnership among such groups that has demonstrated exemplary leadership to develop and implement new policies and practices for municipal tree planting and care, natural area stewardship, or arboriculture. Toronto Tree planting is priority for the City of Toronto, as it aims to increase its tree canopy from 27 to 40 per cent in order to combat climate change and create a more resilient environment. Official Document: 2014 Update Highlights* to Toronto Green Standard [3] See also: http://www.ontarioforesthistory.ca/files/fhso_newsl_vol_1_iss_2_2010.pdf, [4] Soil Volume Minimum for Street Trees Established in Oakville, ON (http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimum-for-street-trees-established-in-oakville-on), [5] For further reading on soil volumes, see Soil Volume Minimums for Street Trees Organized by State/Province: http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimums-organized-by-stateprovince and “Our Recommended Soil Volume for Urban Trees”: http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/our-recommended-soil-volume-for-urban-trees, Downtown Guelph Streetscape Manual, Built Form Standards and St. George’s Square Concept, Markham, Ontario Trees for Tomorrow: Streetscape Manual, this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar, Measuring the Sustainability Performance of New Development FINAL COMPREHENSIVE REPORT, http://www.ontarioforesthistory.ca/files/fhso_newsl_vol_1_iss_2_2010.pdf, http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimum-for-street-trees-established-in-oakville-on, http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/soil-volume-minimums-organized-by-stateprovince, http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/our-recommended-soil-volume-for-urban-trees. Tree For Me grants support the City of Toronto’s 40 percent tree canopy cover target by encouraging tree planting and tree care on private property in Toronto. Jorgensen first defined the term in writing in 1967: “A specialized branch of forestry that has as its objectives the cultivation and management of trees for their present and potential contribution to the physiological, sociological and economic well-being of urban society. The Civil Code of Quebec, a law that applies across the province, does not have rules on what kinds of trees you can plant. The Procedural Manual provides detailed information about Toronto and Region Conservation Authority’s (TRCA) review procedures and submission requirements as part of the development review process. Design Options for Tree Planting in Hard Surfaces illustrate how hard surface environments can be designed to achieve the higher soil volumes necessary for tree growth and survivability, and to facilitate utility subsurface access and maintenance. The Toronto Official Plan, Toronto Green Standard and Parks, Forestry & Recreation’s Strategic Plan: Our Common Grounds, each identify the need to protect and expand the city’s urban forest with the goal of increasing the tree canopy coverage to between 30% and 40%—the recommended threshold to sustain a healthy urban forest. ... You must follow standards that apply in your city or town about height, the type of materials, etc. Small tree (20 cm): 17m3 if single, or 11m3 if shared Planting a tree will increase the value of your home. Moreover, not only does Cook’s 1894 usage not capture the philosophy embodied in Jorgensen’s definition, but, looking at it now, it sadly prescribes the methodology that is responsible for the spread of DED and Emerald Ash Borer. The DBH, the Diameter Breast Height, is the measurement of the diameter of the tree trunk taken at 1.4 metres or 4.5 feet from the ground. 30m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree, or 15 m3 (530 ft3) if in a shared planting trench Additional information about the standard in this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar. While we aim to provide fully accessible content, there is no text alternative available for some of the content on this site. Residents are welcome to request a particular type of tree for planting, but City staff makes the final choice based on tree form, site space, overhead utilities and the soil types in an area. Large tree: 50 m3 Now, however, policy is beginning to play a significant role by requiring planners and designers to meet minimum soil volume requirements for trees on their projects, and Ontario is a front runner in Canada and globally in this effort. Small tree: 15 m3 (530 ft3) Urban forestry: Some problems and proposals. It’s better to be safe than sorry. Planting trees has a lot of important benefits. The City is conducting a soil cell evaluation that will inform the development of a city standard soil cell specification. Buying and planting a tree is a long-term investment. CITY OF BRAMPTON LANDSCAPE SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02906- 2 PLANTING OF TREES, SHRUBS, GROUNDCOVERS & TRANSPLANTING 1.6 Reference Standards.1 Trees, shrubs and ground covers are to be supplied and installed in accordance with the Metric Guide Specification for Nursery Stock Current Edition of the Canadian Nursery Trades Association except In the words Allan Elgar, Councillor for the City of Oakville who lead the effort to implement Oakville’s soil volume standard: “Either you provide the requisite volumes, or you don’t get to build. The public realm is acceptable and affordable on day one. all beds to receive a cover of clean mulch to a depth of 75mm(3"). Second Annual Report of the Board of Park Commissioners, Cambridge, Massachusetts,” but it is unlikely that Jorgensen was aware of this report at the time he first used the term. To date, five municipalities in Ontario have implemented soil volume standards, more than any other province in Canada. You have a choice from 8 native tree species, suitable for all yards – Red Maple, Bur Oak, White Birch, Northern Hackberry, Serviceberry, White Cedar, Red Osier Dogwood or Black Chokeberry. For a sidewalk with cast-in-place or poured panels, refer to the T-CIP series. “You simply can’t increase the city’s canopy by 30 to 40 per cent [by planting trees] on the sidewalk. Officials are aiming to preserve the oldest oak tree in Toronto by buying the land it is on and converting it into a parquette. The City of Cambridge plants a wide selection of tree species. The Design Options note details and specifications that are not included here. Ontario’s forestry community has played a significant role in the development of the discipline we recognize the world over as “Urban Forestry.” In fact, the origin of the term “Urban Forestry” as it is known and applied today came from within Ontario’s borders, when it was first employed [1] by Dr. Erik Jorgensen in 1965 while he was faculty at the University of Toronto. *In 2014, the minimum shared soil volume increased from 15m3 to 20m3 following research and on-site calculations that determined need for increase in order to reach city’s 40% canopy target. The Tree Planting Variety list contains varieties best suited to grow in our area. When undertaking Development and City Capital projects within Brampton, contractors and developers are required to adhere to City of Brampton standard specifications. Toronto: Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto. Special attention should be paid to project-specific utility concerns, their integration including utility access and repair, the feasibility of full restoration in relation to traffic loads and the continuity of the soil trench system. Soil volume requirements that guarantee trees’ access to a minimum amount of growing media are at the core of this effort. for guying and staking trees, refer to planting details. For a sidewalk with pre-cast concrete panels, refer to the T-PCP series. Installing open, large tree planting areas are a best practice because this provides the best growing conditions for trees in sidewalks. Based in Toronto, Central Tree Care Ltd. has been taking care of the city’s urban communities since 1996. Design Options for Tree Planting in Hard Surfaces, General Specification 32 88 88 Soil Cells, Raised, open tree pit surrounded by concrete/stone/metal surround, At grade, open tree pit surrounded by a low metal fence. Large tree (greater or equal to 60cm): 45m3 if single, 30m3 if shared Mike Spencley, president of Central Tree Care Ltd., is a Certified Arborist and an ISA member.We pride ourselves on the prompt and reliable service we provide, and we follow current arboriculture standards for tree removals & pruning. The tree is so old that it was actually here before the start of Canada. People need to understand that we’re treating this like water, pipes, or any other type of infrastructure. Request a City Tree Planting or call 311. The rationale for each criteria and suggested modification based on experience to date can be found in the Key Performance Criteria for Soil Cells . Now it’s just one more tool in the toolbox.”[4] In light of this policy-driven commitment to providing favorable conditions to trees, we predict that in 25 years Ontario will have one of the most impressive urban forests in North America. Supervise the program related to customer service, overseeing the delivery of information to the public regarding the tree by-laws and city-owned tree planting … Before planting or even choosing a tree, first visit your city’s website and make sure you understand the rules and how they apply. Once complete, they will be available online. The City of Toronto is committed to planting trees on city streets to improve pedestrian spaces, for environmental benefits, and to make the city more beautiful. First, that but one variety of tree shall be planted upon a street, and second, that the trees shall be planted at uniform distances.”. Toronto’s Green Development Standard – Perhaps the most ambitious initiative we’ve yet seen, the City of Toronto calls for street trees to get a minimum of 15 m3 (529 ft 3)of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum volume of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter. The evaluation results will inform the development of a revised Soil Cell Specification, intended to be adopted by the City as a standard. Medium tree: 23m3 (812 ft3) Trees greatly contribute to environment, increase the value of property and have a big positive impact on health of people. Official Document: Markham, Ontario Trees for Tomorrow: Streetscape Manual, Oakville Tree removal conditions. Trees can be planted in Toronto either in the early spring or in the fall (from early August to late October). The Procedural Manual includes a consolidation of all of TRCA’s standards as … The City’s Urban Forestry staff will visit the site to confirm the right tree species and determine the … The City of Toronto has established a goal to increase both the number and size of its street trees (Toronto Street Trees: Guide to Standard Planting Options, April 2010). Each series is organised by three (3) different tree planting area conditions: Raised, open tree pit surrounded by concrete/stone/metal surround; At grade, open tree pit surrounded by a low metal fence; At grade, covered tree pit using a grate; Each tree planting area condition is described by various drawings including: a key plan, an assembly plan, a soil cell layout plan, and various sections. On April 15, 2014, City Council amended the Protection of Trees Bylaw to maintain a healthy urban forest. What kind of trees does the City plant? Storm drainage intensity, duration, frequency rainfall curves (run-off calculations) (43.07kB) Planting a tree will increase the value of your home. Many of the Design Options include the installation of soil cells. The tree permit must be posted in a visible location during tree removal. Removed from the bylaw is the ability for an owner or builder to remove one healthy tree per year. 1. In-Ground Planting—Continuous Soil Trench with In-Ground Tree Planting and Concrete Sidewalk: Tree Planting Specifications NOTE: Adapted from City of Toronto Urban Forestry Streetscape Manual (July 2007); Streetscape Planting Details proposed on the following pages are beyond the Region of York’s current standards. Trees can be planted in Toronto either in the early spring or in the fall (from early August to late October). This is a suite of drawings for sidewalks with integrated tree planting. So, we have to look at a solution that’s vertical,” Mr. Brisbin said. Tree lovers will be happy to know that you can actually call or message the City of Toronto anytime and request to have a tree planted in front of your home or business this spring or fall. Consultants should identify and refine the Options that best suit their project in order to submit site-specific drawings. Notes: This soil volume standard is part of the York region’s new Sustainability Matrix, which is currently in a trial period before it becomes official. In early 2020, the Arbor Day Foundation recognized Toronto as a Tree City of the World for its leadership in urban and community forestry. From Oakville to Toronto, Ontario municipalities are recognizing the need to approach the planning, planting, and care of trees as a form of infrastructure that has a big impact of the sustainability, health, and wellbeing of urban communities. Tree planting is priority for the City of Toronto, as it aims to increase its tree canopy from 27 to 40 per cent in order to combat climate change and create a … Currently, the City engages residents, non-profits, and community groups through its community grants and volunteer programs to plant more than 120,000 trees and engage thousands of volunteers each year. The City of Toronto has a Green Standard Policy that requires that all trees in the right of way have access to 30 m3 of soil. Planting trees has a lot of important benefits. Medium tree (greater or equal to 40cm): 28m3 if single, 18.5m3 if shared The Design Options cover the majority of sidewalk situations and can be combined and adapted, much like a kit of parts. Toronto Minimum of 20 m3 (706 ft3) of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter Official Document: 2014 Update Highlights* to … Appropriate for the utility access requirements. Acting Supervisor - Forestry Policy and Standards at City of Toronto Toronto, Canada Area 197 connections. Notes: Applies to all streets in the Planting & Furnishing Zone (located between the sidewalk and the edge zone and provides an additional buffer between vehicles and pedestrians) standard deciduous tree detail 4 plant material installation all trees, shrubs and groundcovers shall be planted as detailed & as shown on the planting plan. Transportation Services is organizing a Soil Cell Evaluation in spring 2020, in which several soil cell products will be tested for subsurface access and restoration in an emergency work scenario. 1. Toronto Minimum of 20 m3 (706 ft3) of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter The City of Toronto is committed to planting trees on city streets to improve pedestrian spaces, for environmental benefits, and to make the city more beautiful. [2] Jorgensen, E. 1967. Today, the cultivation and management of the urban forest is highly influenced by space restrictions in urban sites, where it can be difficult to provide large planters for trees that would give them the soil volume they need to reach maturity. Trees leave more than 90% of their roots back in the nursery. Toronto’s Green Development Standard – Perhaps the most ambitious initiative we’ve yet seen, the City of Toronto calls for street trees to get a minimum of 15 m3 (529 ft 3)of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum volume of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree … 300 Front St. Toronto, illustrates the policy based on the city’s new details for tree planting in sidewalks. wrap The City of Toronto has a generic specification 32-88-88 for soil cells that identifies performance criteria that should be considered and satisfied when choosing a soil cell product for installation in the right-of-way. Best Practices Manual : Overall Strategies 1. Below is a list of those municipalities in Ontario who are pioneering, in Jorgensen’s words, “the cultivation and management of trees for their present and potential contribution to the physiological, sociological and economic well-being of urban society.” [5], Guelph Before planting or even choosing a tree, first visit your city’s website and make sure you understand the rules and how they apply. all shrub and tree material shall be container grown, potted, s/b or b/b, unless otherwise noted. Additional information about the standard in this interview with Oakville Councillor Allan Elgar. Residential Tree Planting Programs – A Review of Best Practices 4 1.33 LOCAL ENHANCEMENT AND APPRECIATION OF FORESTS (LEAF); TORONTO, ON LEAF’s efforts to promote urban forestry are among the most visible in any city across anada. Official Document: Urban Forest Details – Tree Planting & Establishment Best Management Practices (Appendix C of Development Manual), Markham Official Document: Measuring the Sustainability Performance of New Development FINAL COMPREHENSIVE REPORT, [1] Technically, the term “Urban Forestry” itself was first used in 1894 by G.R. DTAH, as prime consultant, is currently providing professional services for Tree Planting Solutions in Hard Boulevard Surface, together with team members ARUP, Urban Trees and Soils, and Urban Forest Innovations. activities. Buying and planting a tree is a long-term investment. Minimum of 20 m3 (706 ft3) of high quality soil per tree if in a shared planter, and a minimum of 30 m3 (1,059 ft3) of soil per tree if in a single planter At 24 metres, this 250-year-old oak has been standing since before the nation joined together. 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